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Khandace Collins
Khandace Collins • 1 year ago

Sir Philip Sidney by an unknown artist 1554 - 1589 Sir Philip Sidney by an unknown artist - National Portrait Gallery, London -- Son of Henry Sidney and brother of Mary Sidney. Famous poet after his death (as all were published posthumously). Died of wounds in battle. Married Frances, daughter of Francis Walsingham.

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A portrait of Sir Philip Sidney, warrior-poet and brother of Mary Sidney-Herbert, Countess of Pembroke.

A portrait of Mary Sidney-Herbert, Countess of Pembroke, circa 1614.

Sir Philip Sidney held an influential position at the Elizabethan court and was supported by his uncle, the Earl of Leicester. The young man became a leading advocate of ‘militant’ Protestantism. In January of 1583, Philip Sidney was knighted by Queen Elizabeth I, and later that year he finally got married. He married Frances, daughter of the queen's spymaster, Sir Francis Walsingham.

William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke (8 April 1580 – 10 April 1630) was the son of Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke and his third wife, Mary Sidney, Countess of Pembroke. Chancellor of the University of Oxford, he founded Pembroke College, Oxford with King James. He was warden of the Forest of Dean, and constable of St Briavels from 1608 to 1630. He served as Lord Chamberlain from 1615 to 1625. He died without legitimate issue, passing his title to his brother.

Portrait of Sir Henry Sidney (1529-1586)

Lady Mary Herbert bore her husband, the Earl of Pembroke 4 children, the first of whom, William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke (1580–1630) may be the young man described in Shakespeare's Sonnets. Their other surviving child, Philip, became the 4th Earl of Pembroke upon his brother's death in 1630. These sons are the "Incomparable Pair" to whom Shakespeare's First Folio is dedicated. At different times, both were patrons of the King's Men. Mary also had 2 daughters, Katherine (1581-84) & Anne.

The Countess of Pembroke's husband died in 1600. Her husband's will required that she did not remarry. Thereafter, her time was spent managing Wilton House and the other Pembroke estates, on behalf of her son, William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, who followed in his mother's footsteps as a literary patron. After James I visited her at Wilton in 1603 and was entertained by Shakespeare's company, The King's Men, Mary moved out of Wilton as Dowager Countess and rented homes in London.

Portrait of Henry Herbert (1538–1601), 2nd Earl of Pembroke.

A detail of a portrait of Henry Sidney, 1573.

Mary Tudor, Queen of England, "Bloody Mary",daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon

Robert Dudley Earl of Leicester by an Unknown Artist, c.1575-80. (National Portrait Gallery, London)

Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland, Daughter of Henry VII, Sister of Henry VIII