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In 1939, Paris was home to about 200,000 Jews, many of whom were East European Jews who had earlier immigrated to France or refugees who came in the wake of Hitler’s rise to power. The first major roundup of Parisian Jews of foreign nationality took place on May 14, 1941, when the French police arrested 3,747 Jews. They were interned in Pithiviers and Beaune-la-Rolande. Ultimately about 50,000 Parisian Jews perished during the Holocaust.
September 1, 1941: Jewish child from Rhodes, where Anti-Jewish laws were in effect.
Two young Jews are humiliated in front of their classmates at a school in Germany in 1935. Before the Holocaust began in earnest, the Nazis began a policy of ever-increasing discrimination, intolerance and outright abuse against the Jews, from the top offices of Govt., right down to classrooms and schoolyards. The words on the blackboard read, "The Jew is our greatest enemy! Beware of the Jew!"