The Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III was made in the 9th century BC in ancient Assyria. It is about six and a half feet in height and is made of fine grained black limestone. The cuneiform text reads, "Tribute of Jehu, son of Omri...." Both Jehu and Omri were Israelite kings who are referred to in the Bible (cf. 1 & 2 Kings). A close-up photo showing an Israelite, possibly Jehu, bowing to the king of Assyria can be seen by clicking "Read more" below. The obelisk was found in 1846 in Nimrud and
Another kingly stele boasting of conflict with the House of David is the Moabite Stone from about 860 BC. The Moabite Stone contains 36 lines of Phoenician script which relate to the rebellion of King Mesha of Moab against King Jehoram of Israel and King Jehosaphat of Judah. This battle is recounted in the Old Testament 2-Kings 3:5-27
A large basalt stele with thirteen lines of Aramaic script was discovered in 1993 at the foot of Mount Hermon. The inscription was created by King Hazael of Aram-Damascus in about 825 BCE, soon after the time of King Ahab of Israel and David's lineal descendant, King Jehosaphat of Judah. It states that his father, Hadad II, was victorious in battle against Jehosaphat (c. 860 BCE) and defeated the "foot soldiers, charioteers and horsemen of the King of the House of David."
The Meesha Stele (846 BC) Popularly known as the Moabite Stone, it records the revolt of Meesha, King of Moab, against Israel. This incredible stele mentions Omri, King of Israel, and David of the United Monarchy. It even refers to Yahweh, the unique name of the God of Israel! Together with the testimony from the Tel Dan Stele, we have a powerful external witness that the Bible records the true history of the kings of Israel and their interactions with foreign kings.
7th C. BC. Phoenician funerary stele, These semitic peoples lived in 'Sidon' along the coast of Lebanon and N. Israel at this time. King David and Solomon recognized the sidonians' superior maritime skill. Political, diplomatic and commercial ties with Hiram King of Tyre led to the marriage of Ahab, King of Israel, to Jezebel, daughter of Ethba'al, King of Sidon. Sandstone depicts the 'Sign of Tanit' Inscribed 'Stele of Milk son of Ashtartga. Hecht Museum Israel.
The Tel Dan Inscription, 870-750 B.C.E., noted for presenting the first historical evidence of King David from the Bible. The Aramean king who erected the stela claims to have defeated the “king of Israel” and the “king of the House of David” under the divine guidance of the god Hadad.