Jeff Andrews The god Osiris as the Djed column (his spine.) Note the three orbs above his head and above the spinal column. Like the three golden apples of the 'World Tree', these represent the glands and thalamus in the brain, and so these are really inside his head and depict the opened up brain at the location of the thalamus. The left and right orbs are struck by serpents like the snakes on the Caduceus. Note straightened-out rams horns underneath.
Rene Descartes called the pineal gland the "seat of the soul", believing it is unique in the anatomy of the human brain in being a structure not duplicated on the right and left sides. This observation is not true, however; under a microscope one finds the pineal gland is divided into two fine hemispheres.
Ancient Egyptian scarab pectoral Scarab pectoral from the burial of Shoshenq (Sheshonq) II. The central motif is of a scarab beetle supporting the sun disc. It is flanked by two rearing cobras crowned with the "hedjet," the white crown of Upper Egypt. 3rd Intermediate, 22nd Dynasty, circa 890 BC. Gold, lapis lazuli, green and red faience. Height: 7cm. Place of Origin: Tanis. Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt.
The Hemhem crown is a very elaborate form of the Atef crown, sometimes known as the triple Atef crown. It originated during the 18th dynasty was first seen in an image of the pharaoh Akhenaten in a tomb at Amarna. There is another example o f this crown worn by the young Tutankhamen on the back of the gilded throne that was discovered in his tomb (the first picture).