Armorial Panel with Stuart Coat of Arms, English. The arms are those of the Stuart sovereigns: James I, Charles I, Charles II, and James II. For stylistic reasons, this panel is dated between 1660 (beginning of the reign of Charles II) and 1688 (end of the reign of James II). The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
family tree of Mary Queen of Scots
Family tree of Elizabeth Woodville and Edward IV. Their daughter, Elizabeth of York, was Henry VIII's mother. Woodville was also mother to the famous "Princes in the Tower," both of whom are widely believed to have been murdered by their uncle, Richard III, so that they could never inherit the throne. Richard III was killed during the Battle of Bosworth in 1485 by Henry VI (Henry VIII's father), thus ending the Plantaganent dynasty and spawning the Tudor dynasty.