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Henry of Bolingbroke, I Duke of Hereford, II Duke of Lancaster was born the only legitimate son of John of Gaunt (q.v.) in 1366. Gaunt, I Duke of Lancaster, was the second son of Edward III. His elder brother was known as the Black Prince, who died before he could become king.
Tombs of Katherine Swynford and her daughter Joan Beaufort- c.1640 - The three preceding houses of English sovereigns from 1399, the Houses of Lancaster, York and Tudor, were descended from John of Gaunt through, Henry Bolingbroke, Joan Beaufort and John Beaufort.
Jeanette "Jennie" Jerome (1854-1921) was one of three pretty daughters of financier Leonard Jerome and his wife Clara. She married Lord Randolph Churchill, second son of the Duke of Marlborough. She had two children, Winston Churchill, the future prime minister, and John. She had many affairs during her marriage, including with King Edward VII. After her husband died, she married a man as young as her sons, which was very shocking for the time. She subsequently married an even younger man.
A Plantagenet prince, the rich and powerful John of Gaunt (1340 - 1399 ). His liaison with a commoner called Katherine Swynford produced four illegitimate children who were given the name Beaufort ( He married Katherine in 1396 and their children, by this time adults, were legitimised).Their son John was the Great-Great Grandfather of King Henry VIII of England.
Katheryn de Roet-Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster (c.1350-1403) was the mistress & eventual wife of the great Plantagenet Prince John of Gaunt, son of Edward III. Katheryn's life shows us she was an enigmatic & resilient woman who cared for the royal children in the household's of Queen Philippa & Blanche of Lancaster. Upon becoming Duchess, Katheryn became a patron of the arts, & due to her piety, an avid giver to religious houses. She was also a loving wife & mother. My many greats grandmother.
KING RICHARD I THE LIONHEART 1189-1199 son of Henry II "Curtmantel" & Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine Capet. Rebelled against his father twice before becoming King. Richard had a reputation as a warrior known as Richard ‘The Lion Heart’. After 3 successful crusades he was captured by the Duke of Austria. Upon release he returned to England where his brother John Lackland was ruling in his stead. Killed at war in France.