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Katherine Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster became the third wife of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, a son of King Edward III. Their descendants were members of the Beaufort family, which played a major role in the Wars of the Roses. Henry VII, who became King of England in 1485, derived his claim to the throne from his mother Lady Margaret Beaufort, who was a great-granddaughter of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford.
Henry of Bolingbroke, I Duke of Hereford, II Duke of Lancaster was born the only legitimate son of John of Gaunt (q.v.) in 1366. Gaunt, I Duke of Lancaster, was the second son of Edward III. His elder brother was known as the Black Prince, who died before he could become king.
Jeanette "Jennie" Jerome (1854-1921) was one of three pretty daughters of financier Leonard Jerome and his wife Clara. She married Lord Randolph Churchill, second son of the Duke of Marlborough. She had two children, Winston Churchill, the future prime minister, and John. She had many affairs during her marriage, including with King Edward VII. After her husband died, she married a man as young as her sons, which was very shocking for the time. She subsequently married an even younger man.
The Beaufort Portcullis was a very important part of the representation of Henry VII and that of his descendants. Margaret Beaufort, his mother, is a descendant of the first duke of Lancester, John of Gaunt. He was the son of king Edward III which means that Henry Tudor had Royal blood which strengthens his claim on the throne
A Plantagenet prince, the rich and powerful John of Gaunt (1340 - 1399 ). His liaison with a commoner called Katherine Swynford produced four illegitimate children who were given the name Beaufort ( He married Katherine in 1396 and their children, by this time adults, were legitimised).Their son John was the Great-Great Grandfather of King Henry VIII of England.
EDWARD "THE BLACK PRINCE" Plantagenet of Wales 1330-1376. The eldest son of KING EDWARD III of England and PHILIPPA of HAINAULT, and father to KING RICHARD II of England. His wife was JOAN PRINCESS OF ENGLAND. He became the first Knight of the Garter. He was one of the founders. Edward was raised with his cousin Joan. He gained papal permission and absolution for this marriage to a blood-relative (as had Edward III when marrying Philippa of Hainault, his second cousin. 18th G GRAND UNCLE