Apology Templates, 9th Century. "Yesterday, having drunk too much, I was intoxicated as to pass all bounds; but none of the rude and coarse language I used was uttered in a conscious state. The next morning, after hearing others speak on the subject, I realised what had happened, whereupon I was overwhelmed with confusion and ready to sink into the earth with shame."
The Etruscan language has been difficult to analyze, as It resembles no other language in Europe or elsewhere. It was spoken and written by the Etruscan civilization in the ancient region of Etruria (modern Tuscany plus western Umbria and northern Latium) and in parts of Lombardy, Veneto, and Emilia-Romagna (where the Etruscans were displaced by Gauls). Etruscan was superseded by Latin, leaving only a few documents and some loanwords in Latin like Roma.
Babylonian grammatical text stone tablet used in the research and assembly of a 21-volume dictionary of the language of ancient Mesopotamia and its Babylonian and Assyrian dialects. Unspoken for 2,000 years but preserved on clay tablets and in stone inscriptions deciphered over the last two centuries. Dictionary finally completed by scholars at the University of Chicago.
The Oldest Song in the World ~ Cuniform tablets from the Syrian city of ancient Ugarit, about 3400 bce in the Hurrian language (with borrowed Akkadian terms) had a form of musical notation. There is evidence that both the 7-note diatonic scale as well as harmony existed 3,400 years ago. This flies in the face of most musicologists' views that ancient harmony was virtually non-existent and the scale only about as old as the Ancient Greeks, 2000 years ago.