Gordon Parks was the first African American photographer for LIFE magazine. A visual artist who captured the trials and joys of African Americans…He was the FIRST major African American director and is responsible for the ‘Learning Tree’ & the blaxploitation film ‘Shaft’…
Clara Mae Luper was one of the early leaders of the civil rights movement in Oklahoma in the 50s. She was arrested 26 times for her civil rights activities. She led sit-ins to end segregation all over Ok. She was a candidate for the US Senate in 1972, and developed Black Voices Magazine in the the late 70s.
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 ; October 24, 2005) was an African-American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress called "the first lady of civil rights", and "the mother of the freedom movement". On December 1, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake's order that she give up her seat to make room for a white passenger.
Andrew Jackson Young, first African American to serve as UN Ambassador - politician, diplomat, activist and pastor from Georgia. He has served as Mayor of Atlanta and a Congressman from the 5th (Georgia). He served as President of the National Council of Churches USA, was a member of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) during the 1960s Civil Rights Movement, and was a supporter and friend of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. He is a member of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.
6 year old Ruby Bridges was the first black child in the south to attend a white school after the forced integration following the landmark ruling of Brown Vs. The Board of Education. A willing participant in her mother's decision that she would go and endure what was to be sure a very tough road in the name of helping forge the path of the civil rights movement, Ruby faced death threats and intense bullying with courage and grace.
Ida B. Wells: "African American journalist, newspaper editor...an early leader in the civil rights movement. She documented lynching in the United States, showing how it was often a way to control or punish blacks who competed with whites. She was active in the women's rights and the women's suffrage movement, establishing several notable women's organizations."
Born on February 21, 1936, in Houston, Texas, Barbara Jordan was a lawyer and educator who was a congresswoman from 1972 to 1978—the first African American congresswoman to come from the Deep South and the first woman ever elected to the Texas Senate (1966). She captured the attention of President Lyndon Johnson, who invited her to the White House for a preview of his 1967 civil rights message.