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[Lapland children, possibly from Sweden.] Digital ID: 1206547. Sherman, Augustus F. (Augustus Francis) -- Photographer Source: William Williams papers / Photographs of immigrants (more info) Repository: The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.
Clark Doll Test, 1940s. The Clarks gave black children in integrated and segregated schools two dolls that differed only in skin color. The black children consistently said the white doll was prettier, better, and the one they wanted to play with. In 2006 Kiri Davis did the experiment over again, with the same results.
Children. They are the most vulnerable victims of war and genocide. Between 1933 and 1945, millions of children were displaced as a result of persecution by the Nazis and their collaborators. After World War II, relief agencies photographed some of the children who survived to help find their families. Now, more than 65 years later, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum is working to discover what became of these young survivors.
Juana Bormann (or Johana Borman) was a prison guard at several Nazi concentration camps, including Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen, and was executed as a war criminal at Hamelin, Germany after a trial in 1945. One of her favorite "games" was unleashing her starving shepherd dog on helpless prisoners -- hence her nickname "The woman with the dogs."