Austrian Nazis and local residents look on as Jews are forced to get on their hands and knees and scrub the pavement. Once again, many of the Nazis smile as they degrade fellow human beings.
Members of the Hitler Youth participate in burning books, Buecherverbrennung, in Salzburg, Austria, on April 30, 1938. The public burning of books that were condemned as un-German, or Jewish-Marxist was a common activity in Nazi Germany. (AP Photo)
In 1938, nine months before the official beginning of WWII, England opened its borders to around 10,000 children - mostly Jewish - who were fleeing the Nazi regime. The children were sent, without their parents, out of Austria, Germany, Poland and Czechoslovakia in a process that became known as Kindertransport. At a time when most Jewish families were prevented from traveling abroad by lack of funds or stringent visa controls, this program was a miracle.