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Raoul Wallenberg was a Swedish humanitarian who worked in Budapest, Hungary during World War II to rescue Jews from the Holocaust. Between July and December of 1944 he issued fake passports and housed several thousand Jews, saving an estimated 100,000 people from the Nazis. After the war, Wallenberg was captured and imprisoned by the Soviets, and died in prison in 1947...
Jews moving into one of the 2,000 buildings in Budapest marked with a yellow star. In March 1944, German forces occupied Hungary. Jews were hurriedly concentrated in ghettos or, as in Budapest, in houses as a first step to their deportation. The Hungarian pro-Nazi regime had earlier introduced restrictions on its own Jewish population, but only deported or killed Jews in the territories occupied from Yugoslavia, Slovakia and Ukraine.
Valdemar Langlet (1872-1960) without permission, and without the financial support of the Swedish Red Cross, he issued so-called "Letters of Protection," documents that were facsimiles of a passport, with official looking stamps. He saved countless Hungarian Jews from deportation to the death camps, and sheltered Jews and other refugees in safe houses throughout Budapest, Hungary.
Frank Foley was a British secret service agent estimated to have saved 10,000 Jews from the Holocaust. In his role as passport control officer he helped thousands of Jews escape from Nazi Germany. At the 1961 trial of former ranking Nazi Adolf Eichmann, he was described as a “Scarlet Pimpernel” for the way he risked his own life to save Jews. Sometimes he went into internment camps to get Jews out, hiding them in his home, and helping them get forged passports.
Giorgio Perlasca was an Italian who helped save thousands of Hungarian Jews from the Holocaust by issuing them fake passports to travel to neutral countries. He also personally sheltered thousands of Hungarian Jews while they were waiting for their passports. It is estimated he saved over 5,000 Jews from the Holocaust.