Army Group Center, March 1943: German grenadier with Soviet PPSh-41 SMG. This sturdy, simple firearm, practically indestructible and foreign to malfunction, was particularly popular with German troops, who also had plenty of Russian ammo usually to keep these captures fed.
Eastern Front, winter 1944: German squad leader gives hand signal to his men. One of the strengths of the German army was its well disciplined and trained NCO cadre. By 1944, however, and after enormous losses, most of the veteran NCOs were either dead or disabled. The tail end of the war was fought by increasingly younger men forced to become "adult" warriors on the double.