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Elaine Rogers
Elaine Rogers • 1 year ago

The Centralia Massacre was an incident during the American Civil War in which twenty-four unarmed Union soldiers were captured and executed at Centralia, Missouri on September 27, 1864 by the pro-Confederate guerrilla leader William T. Anderson. Future outlaw Jesse James was among the guerrillas. In the ensuing Battle of Centralia, a large detachment of Union mounted infantry attempted to intercept Anderson, but nearly all of them were killed in combat.

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William T. "Bloody Bill" Anderson (1839 – 1864) was one of the deadliest and most brutal pro-Confederate guerrilla leaders in the American Civil War. Anderson led a band that targeted Union loyalists and Federal soldiers in Missouri and Kansas. In this badly preserved photo, Anderson lies dead after shooting it out with a Union Army detachment lead by Lt Col Samuel P. Cox near Richmond, Missouri. Historian James Reid posits that Anderson suffered from sadistic personality disorder.

William T. “Bloody Bill” Anderson (1838 – 1864) was a notorious Confederate guerrilla leader with whom Jesse James associated for a brief period during the Civil War.

Massacre at Centralia Missouri Bloody Bill Anderson 1864 U s Civil War Card

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Frank and Jesse James in 1872. The James brothers were Confederate guerrillas in Missouri during the Civil War.

Charles Sumner statue in Harvard Square. "Charles Sumner (1811–1874) was an American politician and statesman from Massachusetts. An academic lawyer and a powerful orator, Sumner was the leader of the antislavery forces in Massachusetts and a leader of the Radical Republicans in the United States Senate during the American Civil War and Reconstruction."

John Jarrette was a member of William Clarke Quantrill’s Guerrillas. He Rode with Quantrill during the raid on Lawrence, Kansas in 1863, and with Bloody Bill Anderson during the massacre at Centralia, Missouri 1864. After the war, Jarrette joined the Jesse James gang, and was a suspect in the robbery of the bank in Kentucky in 1868. In the photo he wears a captured Union waistbelt plate in the photo.

Archie Clement (January 1, 1846 – December 13, 1866), a.k.a. "Little Arch", was a pro-Confederate guerrilla leader in the American Civil War, known for his brutality towards Union soldiers and pro-Union civilians in Missouri.

William "Bloody Bill" Anderson's body photographed and on display for public viewing hours after his death in Richmond, Missouri by Colonel Cox and his Union forces. Anderson, noted Southern Guerrilla leader often riding with Quantrill, his body was found with a string that had 53 knots - symbolizing each person he had killed.

During the Civil War, Missouri was in constant turmoil from raids by heavily armed bands of marauders loosely affiliated with the Confederate army. Federal troops fought more than 1,000 battles in Missouri—mostly with guerrillas. But these numbers mask the level of violence because they do not include attacks on civilians. Ordinary persons felt the dread of uncertainty when riders approached their homes. Were they Union soldiers or guerrillas in blue coats taken off soldiers they had ambushed?

American Civil War. Confederate common soldier