*The Black Pharaohs _ During the eighth century BC, Ancient Egypt was ruled by a series of black pharaohs of Nubian origin. They ruled Egypt for nearly a century and formed the 25th Dynasty pharaohs. The first black pharaoh who conquered Egypt was called Piye. Reunified Egypt and built grand monuments. They also created an empire that stretched from the present capital of Sudan, Khartoum, to the north, next to the Mediterranean Sea.*
This ancient rock picture near Egypt's Nile River was first spotted by an explorer more than a century ago—and then almost completely forgotten. Scientists who rediscovered it now think it's the earliest known depiction of a pharaoh.
Hatnefer's Chair Period: New Kingdom Dynasty: Dynasty 18, early Reign: reign of Thutmose II–Early Joint reign Date: ca. 1492–1473 B.C. Geography: Egypt, Upper Egypt; Thebes, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Tomb of Hatnefer and Ramose (TT 71), outside entrance, MMA 1935-1936 Medium: Boxwood, cypress, ebony, linen cord
Tell el-Amarna, Egypt A balloon view of the excavation at the stele site at the end of the season. Photography by Gwil Owen The city of Akhetaten, built as the capital of the pharaoh and religious reformer Akhenaten and inhabited from 1347 B.C., was abandoned not too long after his death in 1336. Although those opposed to the king dismantled the city's temples and palaces, what remains provides a remarkable snapshot of an ancient city and the lives of its inhabitants