Katherine of Aragon, 1511 Detail of Katherine of Aragon from the Westminster Tournament Roll which illustrates the two-day tournament that was held to celebrate the birth of Katherine and Henry VIII’s short-lived son, prince Henry (February 1511).
Stone of Scone (pronounced scon, rhymes with Ron). Starting with Robert the Bruce, Scotland's kings have sat on this stone to be crowned. The English stole it 700 years ago and kept it under their coronation chair, but with Scotland's parliamentary independence in the 1990s, the Scots asked for it back and got it! It is honorably displayed with Scotland's crown jewels. (Scotland doesn't have the impressive gems that England has, but it is elegant!) Edinburgh Castle
Hume, David was a philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist. Known for his History of England. He was born in 1711, Edinburgh and died in 1776, Edinburgh. He enlightened with his knowledge of human nature.
EXCERPT: Placard denouncing the adultery between Mary Queen of Scots and James Hepburn, 4th earl of Bothwell. This anonymous placard was one of many plastered throughout Edinburgh during the fateful spring of 1567. The mermaid symbolized a prostitute; the hare was Bothwell's insignia. The initials 'I H' refer to his full name, James Hepburn. 'M R', of course, stands for Maria Regina. Mary was devastated by this sort of anonymous slander. Her reputation in Scotland never recovered.
December 8, 1542: Mary, Queen of Scots born. Six days later, she inherited the throne of Scotland. Her father, being told of her birth while on his deathbed, reportedly said of the Stewart reign, "It began with a lass, it will end with a lass." He was right -- but not in the way that he intended. (Anne of Great Britain was the last of the Stewart monarchs.)