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Photo by Gertrude Käsebier // Zitkala-Sa (1876-1938) was a Yankton Sioux woman of Native American & white mixed ancestry. She was well educated and went on to become an author, musician, composer and later went on to work for the reform of Indian policies in the United States.
a religious ceremony practiced by a number of Native American and First Nations peoples, primarily those of the Plains Nations. Each tribe has its own distinct practices and ceremonial protocols. Many of the ceremonies have features in common, such as specific dances and songs passed down through many generations, the use of traditional drums, the sacred pipe, tobacco offerings, praying, fasting and, in some cases, the piercing of skin on the chest or back for the men and arms for the women.