Humans and Neanderthals must have shared their genes between 47,000 and 65,000 years ago, well after the exodus from Africa.
Fascinating stuff: Maybe the modern-day humans who came out of Africa picked up lighter skin and hair from Neanderthals ... along with diabetes and other diseases.
Nearly 3 million years ago, an ancestor of modern humans picked this pebble out of a slow-flowing stream in southern Africa and carried it at least 4 kilometers to a cave, where it was discovered by Wilfred Eizman in 1925. Why would the creature have done this? Possibly because it recognized a face in the natural markings on the pebble's surface. If so, this is the earliest evidence of an aesthetic sense in human heritage
Humans (Homo sapiens) are primates of the family Hominidae, and the only living species of the genus Homo. They originated in Africa, where they reached anatomical modernity about 200,000 years ago and began to exhibit full behavioral modernity around 50,000 years ago
Homo erectus ("upright man") is an extinct species of hominid that lived about 1.3 to 1.8 million years ago. The species originated in Africa and spread as far as India, China and Java. It is debated that it may be identical to Homo ergaster, which is commonly accepted as the direct ancestor of modern humans.
Modern culture emerged in southern Africa at least 44,000 years ago, more than 20,000 years earlier than anthropologists had previously believed, researchers reported. That blossoming of technology and art occurred at roughly the same time that modern humans were migrating from Africa to Europe, where they soon displaced Neanderthals. Many of the characteristics of the ancient culture identified by anthropologists are still present in hunter-gatherer cultures of Africa today, such as the
The 1.8 million-year-old skull is the most complete hominid skull ever found. The idea that there were several different human species walking the Earth two million years ago has been dealt a blow. Instead, scientists say early human fossils found in Africa and Eurasia may have been part of the same species. Continue story -
Artifacts found inside South Africa’s Border Cave are pushing the known usage of modern tools back 20,000 years to 44,000 years ago. The new evidence was provided by an international team of researchers excavating at an archaeological site called Border Cave in the foothills of the Lebombo Mountains on the border of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa and Swaziland. The cave shows evidence of occupation by human ancestors going back more than 200,000 years.
Early humans began spreading from Africa to other parts of the world by about 1.8 million years ago. Within 100,000 years, they reached China. This discovery was made by Human Origins Program researchers working in collaboration with the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Hubei Institute of Cultural Relics. At excavation sites in China’s Nihewan Basin, the team found stone tools like this hammerstone, evidence of animal butchery, and animal footprints.
Skull #5 and the Rewriting of Human Evolution by Robert Lee Hotz, wsj: The discovery of a 1.8 million-year-old skull has offered evidence that humanity's early ancestors emerged from Africa as a single adventurous species, not several species as believed, drastically simplifying the story of human evolution... www.sciencemag.or... #Science #Human_Evolution