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August 1, 1779: Francis Scott Key Born On this day in 1779, American lawyer and amateur poet Francis Scott Key was born in Maryland. In 1814, during a mission to negotiate the release of American prisoners on a British flagship, Key was held captive and forced to watch as the British bombarded Baltimore’s Fort McHenry. The American victory and unwavering flag that flew triumphantly above the fort through the course of the battle inspired Francis Scott Key to write a poem.
August 16, 1888: Lawrence of Arabia Born On this day in 1888, British Army officer T.E. Lawrence (later nicknamed Lawrence of Arabia) was born in Wales. Lawrence was known for his ability to vividly describe in writing his life and role in the Arab Revolt of 1916-1918.
A WWI poster from the British National War Savings Committee urges restraint in the use of materials during war time. It's better to spend on war bonds: "To dress extravagantly in war time is worse than bad form, it is unpatriotic." Printed by Roberts & Leete, Ltd., London, 1915.
Rudolf Höss pitifully attempting to avoid the noose at Auschwitz. There have been accusations -made by those of less-than-stellar character - that Höss was tortured by the British before his trial. I hope they're right. There are occasions when deeds are so monstrous and vile that those who committed them deserve pain, and torment, and living hell before being given the mercy of death. Retribution and Justice sometimes are very nearly the same. Höss deserved much, much worse.
Titanic, 1912. Original passenger list, page one. There were 1523 people who perished in the sinking ship. Out of these, only about 300 bodies were recovered.