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Sally Ride, 1980. On June 18, 1983, Dr. Sally Ride became the first American woman to fly in space. She was named a mission specialist on the seventh flight of the Space Shuttle Challenger in 1983 and flew on a second mission in 1984. Following the 1986 Challenger disaster, Ride served on the investigation committee. She left NASA in 1987 to pursue an academic career. Photo courtesy of NASA. NASM-97-15070
Dr.Mae Jemison, physician and former NASA astronaut. She was the first Black woman in space aboard the space shuttle Endeavour in 1992.
Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman to fly in space from June 16 to 19, 1963. She was launched into orbit aboard the "Vostok 6" and made 45 revolutions around the earth, operating her spacecraft with manual controls. She then parachuted from the "Vostok 6" after re-entering the earth's atmosphere, landing northeast of Karaganda, Kazakhstan. She is pictured here with cosmonauts Pavel Popovich, Yuri Gagarin, Andrian Nikolayev, Valery Bykovsky, and Gherman Titov. SI-2006-635