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Off the West Coast of Northern Sumatra, 2004 - Magnitude 9.1This quake was the third largest earthquake in the world, and the largest since the 1964 earthquake in Prince William Sound, Alaska. In total, 227,898 people were killed or missing and presumed dead and about 1.7 million people were displaced by the earthquake and subsequent tsunami in 14 countries in Southeast Asia and East Africa. The tsunami caused more casualties than any other in recorded history.
The 1964 Alaska earthquake, also known as the Great Alaskan Earthquake, the Portage Earthquake and the Good Friday Earthquake, was a megathrust earthquake that began at 5:36 P.M. AST on Good Friday, March 27, 1964. Across south-central Alaska, ground fissures, collapsing buildings, and tsunamis resulting from the temblor caused about 131 deaths.
The tsunami-devastated Natori city in Miyagi prefecture, is seen in these images taken March 11, 2011 (top) and March 1, 2012, in this combination photo released by Kyodo on March 7, 2012, ahead of the one-year anniversary of the March 11 earthquake and tsunami. Mandatory Credit REUTERS/Kyodo