This man, Alan Turing, helped win World War II by inventing a computer than could decrypt German messages encoded with the Enigma machine. In addition, he formally described the concepts of algorithms and computation. He proved that anything computable on one machine, is computable on another, given enough time. He is the father of computer science. After the war he was tried in court for being gay, found gulty, forced to take castration pills, and then driven to suicide. Britan has apologised.
Paul Newman served in the United States Navy in World War II in the Pacific theater. Unable to be a pilot, because he was colour blind, he was sent instead to boot camp and then received further training as a radioman and gunner. He qualified as a rear-seat radioman and gunner in torpedo bombers, in 1944. He later flew from aircraft carriers as a turret gunner in an Avenger torpedo bomber. As a radioman-gunner, he served aboard the USS Bunker Hill during the Battle of Okinawa, 1945.