The Comanche are a Plains Indian tribe who historically ranged over what is present day eastern New Mexico, southern Colorado, northeastern Arizona, southern Kansas, all of Oklahoma, and most of northwest Texas. The Comanche people are enrolled in the federally recognized Comanche Nation, in Oklahoma. Historically, the Comanche were hunter-gatherers and later, a horse culture. There may have been as many as 45,000 Comanches in the late 18th century. They are a Uto-Aztecan speaking people.
Indian Warrior: Comanche Jack Permamsu, brother of Yapaituka Comanche band chief Tahpony and nephew of Comanche leader Ten Bears. This photo was taken in the 1890's during the time Permamsu served as a member of the Indian Police for the Kiowa-Comanche-Apache reservation in Indian Territory (in what would later become Oklahoma).
Quanah Parker, Chief of Quahada tribe of the Comanches. Born at Lagunas Sabinas (Cedar Lake in Gaines Co. Tx). Led the Indians in the battle of Adobe Walls in which he was wounded. His mother, Cynthia Ann Parker, was a captured white woman. His father had been a chief of the Comanche tribe. In later years, on the Comanche reservation near Anadarko, Oklahoma, he became a respected and wealthy cattleman and met President Theodore Roosevelt.
Comanche woman - circa 1885. The Comanche are a Plains Indian tribe whose historic territory, known as Comancheria, consisted of present day eastern New Mexico, southern Colorado, northeastern Arizona, southern Kansas, all of Oklahoma, and most of northwest Texas.
'People who don't read history books are unaware that a huge number of "cowboys" driving herds to the railheads in Kansas were Indians. And many don't know that some of "Indians" who raided the drives for beef in the the "nations" were runaway slaves and ex-slaves adopted into the tribes in the Oklahoma territory.
Quanah Parker, the last major chief of the Comanche Indians. He was born in 1845, near Wichita Falls, Texas and died Feb. 23, 1911, near Fort Sill, Okla. He was an aggressive Comanche leader who mounted an unsuccessful war against white invaders in southeast Texas (1874-75); he later became the main spokesman and peacetime leader of the Indians in that area, a role he performed for 30 years.