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Spiral stairs in medieval times were generally made of stone and typically wound in a clockwise direction (from the ascenders point of view), to place attacking swordsmen (who were most often right-handed) at a disadvantage. This asymmetry forces the right-handed swordsman to engage the central pike and degrade his mobility compared with the defender who is facing down the stairs.
The Dancing Plague of 1518 was a case of dancing mania that occurred in Strasbourg, Alsace in July 1518. Numerous people took to dancing for days without rest, and, over the period of about one month, some of those affected died of heart attack, stroke, or exhaustion. The outbreak began in July 1518, when a woman, Frau Troffea, began to dance fervently in a street in Strasbourg. Within a week, 34 others had joined, and within a month, there were around 400 dancers.
Bishop of Worcester's writing on purgatory, with notes by Henry VIII - In the 1530s, debate raged about the efficacy of prayers for the dead and the very existence of purgatory. Around 1537 the reformist Bishop of Worcester, Hugh Latimer (c.1485–1555), prepared for the King a paper in opposition to what he ironically described elsewhere as ‘our old ancient purgatory pick-purse’ and Henry’s sharp disagreement is apparent in his marginal notes.
Charlotte Roirdan from Lyon & Turnbull views a letter written by Mary Queen of Scots on March 8, 2012 in Edinburgh, Scotland. The 450 year old letter, unearthed in Blair Castle in Ayrshire, has been verified as the hand writing of Mary Queen of Scotts and has been valued at 3,000 GBP. The letter, dated March 20, 1554, relieves the then laird of Blair from his duties due to gout
Inn of the Sulpicii, near Pompeii - a wicker basket containing wooden writing tablets. They started to deteriorate once they were exposed to the air. archaeologists tried to seal them in a paraffin and paraloid coating but this turned out to be disastrous; the tablets, 'sweated' and their wax covering flaked off destroying the writing. Unable to stabilize them all were photographed. There are 127 documents. They apparently belonged to the banking house of the Sulpicii.