In 1943, Dr. Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes graduated from The Catholic University in Washington D.C. and became the first black woman to earn a Ph.D. in Mathematics. She established a math department at Miner Teachers College – later the District of Columbia Teachers College – and served as Chair of the Division of Mathematics and Education. In '66, she was the first woman to chair the District of Columbia School Board, where she was instrumental in integrating the DC public school system.
Also on these boards
Marie Louise Bottineau Baldwin (1863-1952), #Chippewa #lawyer; she was the first #NativeAmerican student and first #woman of color to graduate from the #Washington College of Law, in 1914. She worked in the Bureau of #Indian Affairs, and was an officer in the Society of #American Indians. Because she was a fluent #French speaker, she offered her skills as a translator to the War Department during #WWI.
Dr. Sadie Alexander graduated from the #University of #Pennsylvania’s Wharton School, and became the first black person in #America to earn a doctorate in #economics and the second #black #woman to earn a doctorate in any area. She enrolled in the University of Pennsylvania #Law School and helped found the National Bar Association; she was the first black woman to graduate from the school, the first black woman to pass the bar exam, and the first black woman to practice law in Pennsylvania.
Dr. Vincenz Czerny (1842-1916) with Dr. Levi Cooper Lane in surgical amphitheater at Cooper Medical College, 1901. Czeryny was a German Bohemian surgeon whose main contributions were in the fields of oncological and gynecological surgery.
Marjorie Lee Browne (September 9, 1914 – October 19, 1979) was a notable mathematics educator, the second African-American woman to receive a doctoral degree in the U.S., and one of the first black women to receive a doctorate in mathematics in the U.S.
Plant physiologist Margaret Clay Ferguson (1863-1951) earned her Ph.D. at Cornell University (1901) and taught at Wellesley College from 1893 to 1932. In 1929, she was elected president of the Botanical Society of America, the first woman to hold that office.
Georgiana Simpson was one of of the three first black women to earn a PhD in 1921, along with Sadie Tanner Mossell and Eva Beatrice Dykes. Simpson earned a doctorate in German from the Univerity of Chicago at the age of 55. After graduating she returned to her work in the Washington DC school system and later taught German at Howard University. #BlackHistory
Charlotte E. Ray was the first black woman lawyer. He studied Commercial Law at Howard University, becoming the first women to graduate from the law school. Ray was admitted to the District of Columbia bar in 1872. She had a shot lived law practice, but had to close because of poor business. She was very involved with the National Association of Colored Women.