The Nuremberg laws had strict genetic rules as to who was a Jew and who was not: a person was only classified as Jewish if they had more than two Jewish grandparents. This chart, issued by the Reich Health Office in 1936, is an overview or "admissibility.
November 9-10, 1938: Kristallnacht, also known as The Night of Broken Glass. German soldiers and other citizens attacked Jewish homes, shops, synagogues, and other property throughout Germany and parts of Austria. The attacks were triggered by the assassination of German diplomat Ernst vom Rath by a German-born Polish Jew. Photograph shows the burning of a synagogue in Baden-Baden. Source: Jewish Virtual Library
The Holocaust (Greek ὁλόκαυστος: hólos, "whole" and kaustós, "burnt"), was the genocide of approximately six million European Jews during World War II, a programme of systematic state-sponsored murder by Nazi Germany, led by Adolf Hitler, throughout Nazi-occupied territory. Of the nine million Jews who had resided in Europe before the Holocaust, approximately two-thirds perished. In particular, over one million Jewish children were killed in the Holocaust.
In 1938, nine months before the official beginning of WWII, England opened its borders to around 10,000 children - mostly Jewish - who were fleeing the Nazi regime. The children were sent, without their parents, out of Austria, Germany, Poland and Czechoslovakia in a process that became known as Kindertransport. At a time when most Jewish families were prevented from traveling abroad by lack of funds or stringent visa controls, this program was a miracle.
"Rhineland Bastard was a derogatory term used in Nazi Germany to describe Afro-German children of mixed German & African parentage who were fathered by Africans serving as French colonial troops occupying the Germany after WW1.Under Nazism's racial theories, these children were considered inferior to "pure Aryans" & consigned to compulsory sterilization.Hitler stated that "Jews were responsible for bringing Negroes into the Rhineland, with the ultimate idea of bastardizing the white race."
On Nov. 9, 1938, Nazis attacked Jewish communities in three countries. Seventy-five years later, families pass down the story of Kristallnacht — the chaotic "night of broken glass" that ushered in the Holocaust — as a warning and a plea.