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The oldest surviving inmate of the Dachau concentration camp died at the begining of April 2013, aged 100. Leon Stepniak, a Polish priest, was arrested by the Gestapo in 1940 in the village of Klebowiec.He spent the next five years in Dachau, a site in south-east Germany which was the first concentration camp to be opened by the Nazi goverment.
Known as the Tower of Faces this three-story tower displays photographs from the Yaffa Eliach Shtetl Collection. Taken between 1890 and 1941 in Eishishok, a small town in what is now Lithuania, they describe a vibrant Jewish community that existed for 900 years. In 1941, an SS mobile killing squad entered the village and within two days massacred the entire Jewish population.
"Ruchla Zylberberg lived in the village of Zawichost. Her father fled to the USSR. In 1941 at the age of 8, she was deported with her mother and sister Esther to Auschwitz, where those two were killed. Ruchla remained in the children's barracks in the camp. In December 1944 she was sent, together with 19 other Jewish children ages 5 - 12, to the Neuengamme camp near Hamburg, where they were subjected to medical experimentaton, then on April 20, 1945, were taken to a school building and killed."
Second Honorary American Citizen: Raoul Wallenberg (1912–1947), Swedish diplomat who rescued Jews in the holocaust, enacted on October 5, 1981, posthumously
A telegraom from Slovak railways from October 19, 1942 considering transit of Jews deported to KL Auschwitz through the border station in Zwardoń.
Calamity Jane wasn't exactly trying to be a prostitute—at least not full-time. After all, she looked masculine. But when she wasn't scouting and shooting Indians, which was what she was really known for, she was rumored to be paid for sleepin' with cowboys at Fort Laramie.