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Kicking Bear was a Native American medicine man who was born Oglala Sioux, but became a sub-chief among the Minneconjou Sioux during the period known as the Sioux Wars (1854-1890). Both the Oglala and the Minneconjou belonged to the Lakota Nation. He was a first cousin and close friend of Chief Crazy Horse.
Black Elk (Oglala Sioux) 1863-1950. Black Elk experienced a vision at age nine that led to his becoming a medicine man renowned for his spiritual and healing powers. He participated in the Custer battle, the Ghost Dance religion and the Wounded Knee massacre. One of the most important books ever written about Native spirituality, "Black Elk Speaks: The Life Story of a Holy Man of the Oglala Sioux" has become the "bible" for young Indians, who look to it for spiritual guidance.