Harriet Jacobs: Escaped slave, author, abolitionist, Civil War relief worker, reformer. Friends later convinced her to write an account of her life as a slave. The book, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, was one of the first open discussions about the sexual harassment and abuse endured by slave women -- a topic that even made many abolitionists uncomfortable.
Fundraiser organizers used lighter skinned mixed race slave children as part of an campaign to raise money for African American schools in the 1860s. They believed that lighter skinned slaves would garner more sympathy, and in turn more money, for their cause. (Library of Congress)