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Philip II of spain and Mary I of England

Philip II-King of Spain and husband of Queen Mary I of England

Anne of Austria, Queen of Spain (1549-80), Wife of Philip II of Spain (1527-98), by Juan Pantoja de la Cruz (Spanish painter, 1553-1608)

Armor made by Pompeo della Cesa, Italian court armorer to Philip II of Spain, for use in tournaments fought on foot over a barrier, 1590 CE, Philadelphia Museum of Art

Queen Isabella II of Spain

Phillip II of Spain is connected to the Tudors in two important ways: (1) He married Mary Tudor, the older sister of Elizabeth I, who is known to history as Bloody Mary. They had no children. Some sources indicate that after Mary died, Phillip had his eye on marrying Elizabeth, but she wouldn't go for it. No wonder -- he wasn't exactly a loving husband to Mary. Then, (2) years later, Phillip sent the Armada to invade England and kick Elizabeth off the throne because she was a heretic (i.e., s...

Marie Antoinette by Stmarygypsy, via Flickr

Isabel II of Spain in court dress.

Philip II of Spain's daughter, Isabel Clara Eugenia, with her favourite dwarf, Margarita Ruiz. Unlike their Spanish counterparts, English court jesters were not usually included in royal portraits.

Leone Leoni, Cameo Portraits of Emperor Charles V and King Philip II of Spain (obverse) and Empress Isabella (reverse), 1550

A beautiful posthumous painting of Isabel of Castile; Renaissance Queen of Spain along side her husband Ferdinand of Aragon II. Isabel was mother to Juana of Castile & Katharine of Aragon.

Leone Leoni, Cameo Portrait of Empress Isabella (reverse) and Emperor Charles V and King Philip II of Spain (obverse), 1550