Effigy of King Edward III at the White Tower - the earliest European death mask. Edward III reigned from 1327 to 1377; his surplus of sons eventually led to the conflict between the houses of Lancaster and York for the English throne.
Plantagenet, Lancaster and York Family Tree
The House of Plantagenet
John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, c 1593, by an unknown artist.
Garsington Manor, a Tudor era manor house in Oxfordshire, England. There are no adequate words to vivify my love for an English garden.
Monarchs like Henry VII (who united the house of York and Lancaster in 1485) justified their reign and lineage through the most grounded and respectable figure British history had to offer--King Arthur. ALSO the slander of all things Plantagenet..starting with Richard III.
Tudor Rose - symbolised the dynasty of the Tudors, and represented the fusion of the Lancastrian and Yorkist noble factions. This fusion was symbolised by the White rose of York and the red rose of Lancaster. An important emblem of the Tudors dynasty which marked the end of the devastating English civil war called the Cousins' Wars and much later, Wars of the Roses.