Also on these boards
Margaret Sanger (1879 – 1966) – She ushered in the modern age of women’s liberation by fostering birth control. She successfully mobilized American women to take an active role in the decision to have or not have children. One of her organizations would eventually become Planned Parenthood, and she lived long enough to actively campaign for the legalization of the birth control pill.
Katherine Dexter McCormick provided both the social justification and the money to develop “the pill,” in her quest to find a more reliable source of birth control than diaphragms offered. She allied with Margaret Sanger and helped support birth control projects intermittently for thirty years before sponsoring Gregory Pincus’ development of “the pill.” McCormick also funded the building of female dormitories at MIT in an effort to boost female enrollment.
A major figure in the history of American radicalism and feminism, Emma Goldman (1869-1940) was an influential anarchist of her day and an early advocate of free speech, birth control, women’s equality, and union organization. Deported in 1919, she participated in the social and political movements of her age, including the Russian Revolution and the Spanish Civil War.
Shidzue Katō (加藤 シヅエ Katō Shizue), March 2, 1897 – December 22, 2001) was a 20th Century Japanese feminist and one of the first women elected to the Diet of Japan. Katō was best known as a pioneer in the birth control movement and a strong supporter of labour reform.
When a woman mourned for her husband in the 1860’s, she spent a year in mourning. Little or no social activities: no parties, , no outings, no visitors, and a wardrobe that consisted of nothing but black. The following year, she is allowed to wear a shorter veil and adorn her gown with black trimmings. During the final 6 months of her mourning period, which can extend to 5 years, she may wear lavender or gray. It was not unusual for a widow to dress in mourning attire for the rest of her life.