Robert I (1274-1329), popularly known as Robert the Bruce, was King of Scots from 1306, until his death in 1329. He became one of Scotland's greatest kings and one of the most famous warriors of his generation, leading Scotland during the Wars of Scottish Independence against the Kingdom of England. He claimed the Scottish throne as 4th great-grandson of David I, and fought successfully during his reign to regain Scotland's place as an independent nation. Bruce is remembered as a national hero.
Woodcut of the hanging of Joan Cunny and Her Daughters convicted of Witchcraft,1589 -EXCERPT: “Joane Cunny, liuing very lewdly, hauing two lewde Daughters, no better then naughty packs, had two Bastard Children: beeing both boyes, these two Children were cheefe witnesses, and gaue in great euidence against their Grandam and Mothers, the eldest being about 10 or 12 yeeres of age.'
Homo neanderthalensis dates back only 28,000 to 200,000 years ago. It is not an ancestor of humans but a separate hominid species that lived simultaneously with humans for a while before extinction. Some scientists believe the 2 hominid species may have interbred. Evidence shows that Neanderthals may have dug graves for their dead, which marks the first of the hominids to do so.