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Bonka Perry
Bonka Perry • 2 years ago

Apadana audience hall of Darius and Xerxes, c. 515 BCE. Note: Columns influenced by the Greeks. Begun by Darius and completed under Xerxes, Apadana served as a large audience hall for Darius. The work began in 515 BC and was completed 30 years later. It was the largest building of the complex, supported by numerous columns and lined on three sides with open porches. The palace had a grand hall in the shape of a square, each side 60m long with seventy-two columns, thirteen of which still stand on the enormous platform. Relief artwork, originally painted and sometimes gilded, covered the walls of the Apadana depicting warriors defending the palace complex.

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One of the lions from the glazed brick friezes found in the apadana (large hypostyle hall) in Darius the Great's palace in Susa Shush. Darius I (550–486 BCE) was the third king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. Louvre.

Xerxes I of Persia (meaning "ruling over heroes"), also known as Xerxes the Great (519–465 BC), was the fourth King of Kings of Persia. Immediately after seizing the kingship, Darius I of Persia (son of Hystaspes) married Atossa (daughter of Cyrus the Great). Xerxes was crowned and succeeded his father Darius I, when he was about 36 years old. The transition of power to Xerxes was smooth due again in part to the great authority of Atossa.

Cuneiform inscription recording the erection of a staircase in the Palace of Darius by Artaxerxes III. 19th-century plaster cast taken from sculptures on the Palace of Darius at Persepolis. So awesome! Names mentioned in the Bible.

winged ibex used as handle of vase from Palace of Darius I, from Shush (ancient Susa), Iran

Apadana palace ruins

Archers frieze from Darius’ palace at Susa. Achaemenid era, ca. 510 BC.

Tribute Bearer and Achaemenid Guide on the Apadana Staircase. The Apadana palace was built by Darius in the western side of Persepolis, which was used by the king for official audiences. Work was began in 515 BCE, with his son Xerxes I completing it 30 years later. Persepolis was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire, and is situated in Iran. Photo courtesy & taken by A.Davey.

The Apadana (Audience Hall) of Darius and Xerxes. Persepolis. This hall could contain hundreds and maybe thousands of people at the same time. It was the largest building in Persepolis. The seventy-two columns which supported the roof were twenty-five meters high. The founding inscription reads: Darius the great king, king of kings, king of countries, son of Hystaspes, an Achaemenian, built this palace. Its eastern stairs are famous.

immortal persian guard glazed bricks friezes apadana Darius the Great's palace in Susa Shush

Double Bull Capital on Fluted Column Persepolis, Apadana Limestone Achaemenid Period Reigns of Darius I and Xerxes 522-465 BCE

The stairs of Apadana Palace

NAME: Palace at Persepolis, LOCATION: Persepolis (modern Iran), DATE: 518-460 BCE (Ancient Mesopotamia), CULTURE: Persians, FUNCTION: palace, MATERIALS: stone, wooden beams, tapestries, TECHNIQUES: Apadana (audience hall), apadana reliefs depict figures walking up ramps, Hall of a Hundred columns, hypostyle halls, polychrome, columns capped with wood for further intercolumniation, NOTABLE: Darius started, Xerxes finished, Gate of All Nations borrowed from conquered cultures (Assyrians)