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Bonka Perry
Bonka Perry • 2 years ago

Apadana audience hall of Darius and Xerxes, c. 515 BCE. Note: Columns influenced by the Greeks. Begun by Darius and completed under Xerxes, Apadana served as a large audience hall for Darius. The work began in 515 BC and was completed 30 years later. It was the largest building of the complex, supported by numerous columns and lined on three sides with open porches. The palace had a grand hall in the shape of a square, each side 60m long with seventy-two columns, thirteen of which still stand on the enormous platform. Relief artwork, originally painted and sometimes gilded, covered the walls of the Apadana depicting warriors defending the palace complex.

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Xerxes I of Persia (meaning "ruling over heroes"), also known as Xerxes the Great (519–465 BC), was the fourth King of Kings of Persia. Immediately after seizing the kingship, Darius I of Persia (son of Hystaspes) married Atossa (daughter of Cyrus the Great). Xerxes was crowned and succeeded his father Darius I, when he was about 36 years old. The transition of power to Xerxes was smooth due again in part to the great authority of Atossa.

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A relief with a representation of Persian King Xerxes I. 5th century BCE, Persepolis.

Cuneiform inscription recording the erection of a staircase in the Palace of Darius by Artaxerxes III. 19th-century plaster cast taken from sculptures on the Palace of Darius at Persepolis. So awesome! Names mentioned in the Bible.

Sphinx - Winged sphinx from the palace of Darius the Great during Persian Empire at Susa (480 BC).

An 5th C BC inscription in three languages by Xerxes the Great praising Athuramazda, the greatest of their gods, can be found on a smoothed section of the rock face, some 60 feet above the ground near the Fortress of Van in Turkey. The niche was originally carved out by Xerxes' father King Darius, but he left the surface blank. The inscription survives in near perfect condition and is divided into three columns of 27 lines written in Old Persian,

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Doric Order (Classical) Doric order - one of the three orders or organisational systems of Ancient Greek or classical architecture characterised by columns which stood on the flat pavement of a temple without a base, their vertical shafts fluted with parallel concave grooves topped by a smooth capital that flared from the column to meet a square abacus at the intersection with the horizontal beam that they carried.

beautiful postcard of the Queen's Megaron, Palace of Knossos