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Xerxes I of Persia (meaning "ruling over heroes"), also known as Xerxes the Great (519–465 BC), was the fourth King of Kings of Persia. Immediately after seizing the kingship, Darius I of Persia (son of Hystaspes) married Atossa (daughter of Cyrus the Great). Xerxes was crowned and succeeded his father Darius I, when he was about 36 years old. The transition of power to Xerxes was smooth due again in part to the great authority of Atossa.
Cuneiform inscription recording the erection of a staircase in the Palace of Darius by Artaxerxes III. 19th-century plaster cast taken from sculptures on the Palace of Darius at Persepolis. So awesome! Names mentioned in the Bible.
Tribute Bearer and Achaemenid Guide on the Apadana Staircase. The Apadana palace was built by Darius in the western side of Persepolis, which was used by the king for official audiences. Work was began in 515 BCE, with his son Xerxes I completing it 30 years later. Persepolis was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire, and is situated in Iran. Photo courtesy & taken by A.Davey.
The Apadana (Audience Hall) of Darius and Xerxes. Persepolis. This hall could contain hundreds and maybe thousands of people at the same time. It was the largest building in Persepolis. The seventy-two columns which supported the roof were twenty-five meters high. The founding inscription reads: Darius the great king, king of kings, king of countries, son of Hystaspes, an Achaemenian, built this palace. Its eastern stairs are famous.
NAME: Palace at Persepolis, LOCATION: Persepolis (modern Iran), DATE: 518-460 BCE (Ancient Mesopotamia), CULTURE: Persians, FUNCTION: palace, MATERIALS: stone, wooden beams, tapestries, TECHNIQUES: Apadana (audience hall), apadana reliefs depict figures walking up ramps, Hall of a Hundred columns, hypostyle halls, polychrome, columns capped with wood for further intercolumniation, NOTABLE: Darius started, Xerxes finished, Gate of All Nations borrowed from conquered cultures (Assyrians)