Le Rafle (The Round Up) Early in the morning of July 16, 1942, the French police arrested over 13,000 Jews including 4,000 children and detained them at the Vélodrome. Kept under horrendous, unsanitary conditions for days, they were then shipped to the transit camp at Drancy and on to Auschwitz. Almost all of them died.... About 76,000 Jews were deported from France between 1940 and 1944. Only 2,500 are believed to have survived the death and concentration camps.
An Allied soldier mourns beside the corpse of a young Jew in the Thekla camp near Leipzig. Here too, the Germans locked the camp population in a building and set fire to it. Those who escaped the fire were shot or electrocuted and charred by the charge in the barbed wire. In many camps, suicide was easily achieved by running into the electrified fence. Elie Wiesel considered it many times, but chose against it. Many, many others chose to die at their own hour, by their own decision.
Affidavit signed by Rudolf Hoess, former commandant of Auschwitz, attesting to the gassing of Jews at the killing center during his tenure. The text reads: "I declare herewith under oath that in the years 1941 to 1943 during my tenure in office as commandant of Auschwitz Concentration Camp 2 million Jews were put to death by gassing and a 1/2 million by other means. Rudolf Hoess. May 14, 1946."
Anny-Yolande Horowitz Born on June 2, 1933 in Strasbourg. Last lived at 21, rue Rode, Bordeaux. Interned in the Lalande camp near Tours and then transferred to Drancy. From there, she, her mother Frieda, and her sister Paulette, age 7, were deported on Sept. 11, 1942 on Convoy 31. Their destination: Auschwitz-Birkenau. The Vichy Regime (July 1940-August 1944) An ugly chapter in French history.