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Marcelita Swann
Marcelita Swann • 1 year ago

Elgar's Enigma Variations, Op. 36. Mov. IX: Nimrod (Adagio). "Augustus J. Jaeger, Elgar's best friend. An attempt to capture what Elgar saw as Jaeger's noble character, it is also said that this variation depicts a night-time walk the two of them had, during which they discussed the slow movements of the music of Ludwig van Beethoven. The first eight bars resemble, and have been said to represent, the beginning of the second movement of Beethoven's Eighth Piano Sonata (Pathetique)."

  • Marcelita Swann
    Marcelita Swann • 1 year ago

    "The name of the variation punningly refers to an Old Testament patriarch described as a mighty hunter, the name Jaeger being German for hunter. This variation has become popular in its own right and is sometimes used at funerals, memorial services, and other solemn occasions. It is always played at the Cenotaph in London on Remembrance Sunday (the Sunday nearest to 11 November)." (

  • Marcelita Swann
    Marcelita Swann • 1 year ago

    "The real theme of the Enigma Variations which is present everywhere throughout the work in different shapes, is rather short: it consists of only nine notes (the first nine notes of Nimrod with added crotchet rests) on the rhythm of Edward Elgar’s own name ("short-short-long-long", and the reverse of it, "long-long-short-short" and an endnote). He composed his “Elgar-theme” as a countermelody to the beginning of the mysterious “principal Theme” which is “not played” in the Enigma Variations. This turns out to be the theme of the second movement of the Pathétique-sonata of Ludwig van Beethoven. The “Elgar-theme” follows that Beethoven melody: it comprises the very notes of it." (

  • Marcelita Swann
    Marcelita Swann • 1 year ago

    "As Westgeest states, the symbolism of this is evident: by composing the work Elgar follows the example of Beethoven, as Jaeger told him to do. By doing so, the artist triumphs over depression and discouragement in the Finale, "E.D.U." So, like some works of Elgar’s contemporaries Richard Strauss and Gustav Mahler, the Enigma Variations are about the artist himself: (almost) all the themes of the work are in fact derived from the ‘Elgar theme’.[30]" (

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