Indian Hoopoe. Upupa epops orientalis. It is the state-bird of Punjab. The Hoopoe also enjoys taking dust and sand baths. The diet of the Hoopoe is mostly composed of insects, although small reptiles and frogs as well as some plant matter such as seeds and berries are sometimes taken as well. Chases and fights between rival males (and sometimes females) are common and can be brutal. The nest is in a hole in a tree or wall, with a narrow entrance.
The Oriental Magpie Robin (Copsychus saularis) is distinctive black and white bird with a long tail that is held upright as they forage on the ground or perch conspicuously. They are common birds in urban gardens as well as forests. The birds utter beautiful clear whistles at dawn, repeated on short phrases and are able to imitate other birds’ calls. Its melodious song is strong and varied, with discordant notes and mimicries. They sometimes may abruptly sing during the night.
The Common Myna / Indian Myna (Acridotheres tristis) is an omnivorous open woodland bird with a strong territorial instinct. It is an important motif in Indian culture and appears both in Sanskrit and Prakrit literature. The Common Myna is readily identified by the brown body, black hooded head and the bare yellow patch behind the eye. The bill and legs are bright yellow. There is a white patch on the outer primaries. The wing lining on the underside is white.