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Margie Pries
Margie Pries • 1 year ago

The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian law code, dating back to about 1772 BC. It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world

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The Law Code of Hammurabi @ Louvre


The Code of Hammurabi - Babylon, Mesopotamia. The Hammurabi Stele, bearing the Codex Hammurabi, an early Babylonian legal code. This was not, however, the earliest legal code in ancient Mesopotamia. It is predated by several others such as the Codes of Urukagina, Ur-Nammu and Lipit-Ishtar.

Code of Hammurabi (ca 1772 BC) in the Louvre: 7' 5" x 1' 10"

Stelle of Hammurabi, Louvre, Mésopotamie

Stele with law code of Hammurabi, Babylonian, Susa, Iranca. 1780 BC

The Code of Hammurabi, the Sixth Babylonian king (1792-1750 BCE), 282 laws. Hammurabi standing before the sun-god Shamash. Originally from Babylon, found at Susa, Iran. One of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. The Code consists of 282 laws, with scaled punishments, adjusting "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" (lex talionis) as graded depending on social status, of slave versus free man. Inscribed in the Akkadian language, using cuneiform script.

Sumer was once again fully united under the Babylonian ruler, Hammurabi in 1792 BCE. Hammurabi was most famous for his code of laws. Stela of Hammurabi, from Susa, c1792-1750 BCE

King Hammurabi ruled Babylon, located along the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, from 1792-1750 BCE. During his time as king he oversaw a great expansion of his kingdom from a city-state to an empire. However, today he is most famous for a series of judgments inscribed on a large stone stele and dubbed Hammurabi's Code.

Babylonian memorial stone c.850 BCe, Marduk Temple

Neolithic stone mask - c. 7000 BC, probably the oldest mask in the world

Hammurabi was the first king of the Babylonian Empire, but is best remembered for his 1760BC creation of the first known written set of laws in history. This codex was written on a basalt stele standing nearly 2 meters tall, top by a relief depicting Hammurabi raising his hand to his mouth in respect to the Babylonian God, who is likely to have been Marduk