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The Code of Hammurabi - Babylon, Mesopotamia. The Hammurabi Stele, bearing the Codex Hammurabi, an early Babylonian legal code. This was not, however, the earliest legal code in ancient Mesopotamia. It is predated by several others such as the Codes of Urukagina, Ur-Nammu and Lipit-Ishtar.
Stele with law code of Hammurabi, Babylonian, Susa, Iranca. 1780 BC
The Code of Hammurabi, the Sixth Babylonian king (1792-1750 BCE), 282 laws. Hammurabi standing before the sun-god Shamash. Originally from Babylon, found at Susa, Iran. One of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world. The Code consists of 282 laws, with scaled punishments, adjusting "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" (lex talionis) as graded depending on social status, of slave versus free man. Inscribed in the Akkadian language, using cuneiform script.
King Hammurabi ruled Babylon, located along the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, from 1792-1750 BCE. During his time as king he oversaw a great expansion of his kingdom from a city-state to an empire. However, today he is most famous for a series of judgments inscribed on a large stone stele and dubbed Hammurabi's Code.
Hammurabi was the first king of the Babylonian Empire, but is best remembered for his 1760BC creation of the first known written set of laws in history. This codex was written on a basalt stele standing nearly 2 meters tall, top by a relief depicting Hammurabi raising his hand to his mouth in respect to the Babylonian God, who is likely to have been Marduk