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Today is the birthday of infamous Tudor king, Henry VIII. He was born on 28 June 1491 as the son of King Henry VII. After taking the throne at age 18 Henry's reign was rife with controversy. Aside from his 6 wives (2 of which were executed), Henry was a main cause of the English church's break with Rome.
The final battle of the War of the Roses took place on this day in British history, June 16, 1487. Known as the Battle of Stoke Field, the forces of King Henry VII defeated the forces led by Yorkist pretender Lambert Simnel. In a show of mercy, Henry pardoned Simnel for his part in the Yorkist cause and gave him a job turning the spit in the royal kitchen. The portrait above depicts King Henry VII.
On his appointment as Principal Painter to Charles I in 1632, the Flemish artist Van Dyck - Rubens's most gifted follower - was required to specialise in portraiture. This is one of the chief paintings to result from his appointment, which revolutionised British painting and provided us with the enduring image of the Stuart court.
Henry Brandon, 2nd Duke of Suffolk (1535-1551), by Hans Holbein the Younger, c.1541. Son of Charles Brandon, first Duke of Suffolk, by his fourth wife, katherine Willoughby. Henry and his brother Charles died of the sweating sickness within half an hour of each other in 1551, Henry aged 16 and Charles aged 14 or 15.
Another of today's historical anniversaries is the coronation of Queen Victoria. She was crowned Queen of the United Kingdom on this day in British history, 28 June 1838. After being crowned queen at the age of 19, she was the first monarch to reside at Buckingham Palace.
A portrait by artist Richard Stone of Prince Charles unveiled at Goldsmiths Hall, London, 2011