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An onna-bugeisha was a type of female warrior belonging to the Japanese upper class. Many wives, widows, daughters, and rebels answered the call of duty by engaging in battle, commonly alongside samurai men. They were members of the bushi (samurai) class in feudal Japan and were trained in the use of weapons to protect their household, family, and honor in times of war. They also represented a divergence from the traditional "housewife" role of the Japanese woman.
Nakano Takeko was a 19th century onna-bugeisha or Japanese female warrior samurai who was fully trained in the martial arts and who remains one of only a few true female warrior samurai in all of the history of Japan. Takeko fought against the Japanese Imperial Army in the Boshin War, serving with great distinction until she took a bullet to the chest. She then ordered her sister to behead her and bury it, denying her enemy the privilege.