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Before the William sister's, there was the graceful and always poised Althea Gibson, who opened the doors and went on to win the Wimbledon in 1957 and 1958 and the U.S. Championships in 1957 and 1958. In 1957, she earned the No. 1 ranking in the world and was named the AP Female Athlete of the Year in 1957 and 1958. She was the first African-American female to win the AP award.
(Little Rock, Ark.) Formerly all-white Central High School learns that integration is easier said than done. Nine black students are blocked from entering the school on the orders of Governor Orval Faubus. President Eisenhower sends federal troops and the National Guard to intervene on behalf of the students, who become known as the "Little Read more: Civil Rights Movement Timeline (14th Amendment, 1964 Act, Human Rights Law)
Rosa Parks in 1955 with Martin Luther King Jr. On December 1, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake's order that she give up her seat to make room for a white passenger. Parks' act of defiance became an important symbol of the modern Civil Rights Movement and Parks became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation.