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Sidney Spinar Segar
Sidney Spinar Segar • 1 year ago

ELIZABETH LEYBURNE (1536 - 1567) married first, in 1555, Thomas Dacre, 4th baron Dacre of the North (c.1526-July 25, 1566). After his death she was secretly married to Thomas Howard, 4th duke of Norfolk (1538 - 1572) on January 29, 1567 at her mother’s house in London. She died in childbed the following September and the child died also. Portrait: possibly the work c.1560 attributed to Hans Eworth and called the Duchess of Norfolk.

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    Her French Household Accounts: October - Décember 1514 (BNF ms. fr. n. a. 9175 - folios 365-366) from Caroline zum Kolk, La Maison des reines de France au 16e siècle. Nobles, officiers et domestiques (1494-1590), Paris, Cour de, 2007. Base de donné Persons Occupations Wages in "livres tournois" Anthon, Jacques de Chaplain and confessor - Aumont, Claude de Baker 300 Bernay, Jeanne Ladies and misses - Bernay, Yolande Ladies and misses - Bester, Françoise de Ladies and misses 400 Blond, Richard Esquire Stable 300 Bordeaux, François de Sr de la Poissoniere Secretary - Boulonne, Marie Ladies and misses 240 Cerisay, Nicolas, Sr de la Rivière Treasurer - Chavigny, Guyonne de, Ladies and misses - Clinthon, Thomas Valet for cutting 300 Entremont, Anthoine de, dit le Poulain Baker 300 Gamaches, Jean de, Sr de Jussy, chevalier Head waiter 800 Gauthelin, Guillaume Doctor Gerengain, Jeanne Ladies and misses 200 Gray, Edward Valet for cutting 300 Gray, Isabelle sœur du marquis d'Angleterre Ladies and misses 400 Gray, Isabelle Ladies and misses 300 Gray, Richard frère du marquis d'Angleterre Cupbearer 300 Jean, Thomas Esquire Stable 300 La Riviere, Jeanne de Ladies and misses - La Tour, Anne de, vicomtesse de Turenne Ladies and misses - La Vallée, Anne de Ladies and misses - Maillé, Françoise de, dame d'Aumont governess of the Queen 1 200 Menypeny, Alexandre de Sr de Concressault Head waiter 800 Menypeny, Anne de dame d'Oyson Ladies and misses 500 Pol, Arthus Cupbearer 300 Rochechouart, Françoise de Ladies and misses - Vallap, Jean Valet for cutting 300

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    "Pleaseth it your Grace, the French King on Tuesday night last [past] came to visit me, and [had] with me many divers [discours]ing among the which he demanded me whether I had [ever] made any promise of marriage in any place, assuring me upon his honour, upon the word of a prince, that in case I would be plain [with] him in that affair he would do for me therein to the best of his power, whether it were in his realm or out of the same. Whereunto I answered that I would disclose unto him the [sec]ret of my heart in hu[mility] as unto the prince of the world after your Grace in which I m[ost trust], and so de[clared into him] the good mind [which] for divers consi[derations I] bear to my lord of Suffolk, asking him not only [to grant] me his favour and consent thereunto, but [also] that he would of his [own] hand write unto your Grace and pray you to bear your like favour unto me and to be content with the same. The which he granted me to do, and so hath done… Sir, I most humbly beseech you to take this answer which I have [made u]nto the French King in good part, the which I [did] only to be discharge[ed of th]e extreme pain and annoyance I was in [by reason] of such suit as [the French Ki]ng made unt[o me not accord]ing with mine honour, [the wi]ch he hath clearly left [off]. Also, Sir, I feared greatly [lest in] case that I had kept the matter from his knowledge that he might not have well entreated my said lord Suffolk, and the rather [for] to have returned to his [former] malfantasy and suits. She added in a postscript that if Henry refused her request of a choice of husband, Francis might "renew his suits". Her extreme distaste for such an eventuality was near despair : "I would rather be out of the world than it should so happen."

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    She thanked the King for sending her such able agents as Suffolk and his associates to comfort her "in her heaviness" and assist her in obtaining her dower. To them she was the soul of meekness and cooperation. "She said she was an unkind sister if she should not follow your mind and pleasure in every behalf", they reported to Henry, "for there was never princess so much beholden to her sovereign and brother as she is to your Grace." She had no desire to stay in France ; rather every day seemed to her like an eternity until she could get back to England and her brother. As for marrying a foreigner without his approval "she never would [but rather] suffer the extremity of death." To Henry she kept reverting to his promise to her, on the word of a king, when they parted at Dover.

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    "Sir, I will not in any wise deny but that I have offended your Grace, for the which I do put myself most humbly in your clemency and mercy. Nevertheless to the intent that your Highness should not think that I had simply, carnally or of any sensual appetite done the same, I having no regard to fall in your Grace's displeasure, I assure your Grace that I have never done [without your] ordinance and consent, but by the reason of the great despair wherein I was put… Whereupon, Sir, I put my Lord of Suffolk in choice whether he would accomplish the marriage within four days or else that he should never have enjoyed me. Whereby I know well that I constrained him to break such promises as he had made to your Grace, as well for fear of loosing me as also that I ascertained him that I … I would never come into England." The direct and honest appeal for forgiveness with which she concluded this letter was likely to be effective with Henry, if not with the Council : " And now that your Grace knoweth the both offences of the which I have been the only occasion, I most humbly and as your most [sorrow]ful sister requiring you to have compassion upon us both and to pardon our offences, and that it will please your Grace to write to me and to my Lord of Suffolk some comfortable words, for it shall be greatest comfort for us both. By your loving and most humble sister, Mary"

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    A second public marriage, approved by a bishop, took place on the last Saturday of March, according to the Journal of Louise of Savoy. Mary was 19 and Brandon 31. She effectively received her dower until her death in 1533. It consisted of an annuity of 55,000 "livres" income from Saintonge, La Rochelle, Saint-Jean d'Angely, Rochefort, Chinon, Loudon County and Pezenas; 10 "livres" more on each quintal of salt sold in the Languedoc. In 1518, the pension was 60 950 "livres"; and in 1523, the 60 250 "livres" which were to return her were not assigned because of the war with England. Finally, they left Paris April 16, 1515. Francois I escorted them to St. Denis and gave Mary four rings. In Calais, they awaited permission from Henry VIII. They sailed to Dover on May 2. Mary had been away from England for exactly seven months. A third marriage took place officially on May 13, 1515 in Saint Alfege Church of Greenwich, in the presence of the whole court. But Suffolk was a bigamist: his first wife, Anne Browne, was still alive. It was not until 1528 that a papal bull of Clement VII declared invalid the first union and canonical the union with Mary.

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Mary Howard, Duchess of Norfolk (née Blount; c. 1712 – 1773), was the wife of Edward Howard, 9th Duke of Norfolk. According to the astronomer William Wales, she had asked the explorer Captain James Cook to have an island named after her; he had not heard about the Duchess's death when he discovered Norfolk Island and named it in her honour.

Frances Spencer-Churchill née Vane (1822-1899), Duchess of Marlborough. Married to John 7th Duke

Georgiana Cavendish née Spencer (1757-1806), Duchess of Devonshire. First wife of William 5th Duke

Margaret Howard née Audley (1540-1564), Duchess of Norfolk, 2nd wife of Thomas Howard (4th Duke of Norfolk)