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Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish architect, businessman, diplomat, humanitarian. He rescued tens of thousands to one hundred thousand Jews in Nazi occupied Hungary by issuing protective passports and sheltering Jews in buildings designated as Swedish territory. He died in a Soviet prison in 1947. Monuments have been dedicated to and streets named after him.
Stockholm, Sweden, Valdemar Langlet. a Swedish publisher, and an early Esperantist. With his wife Nina Borovko-Langlet in Budapest, he is credited with saving many Jews from the Holocaust, by providing Swedish documents saying that people were waiting for Swedish nationality. Raoul Wallenberg was inspired by Langlet and used the same method to save Jewish people when he came to Budapest. I
Giorgio Perlasca was an Italian who helped save thousands of Hungarian Jews from the Holocaust by issuing them fake passports to travel to neutral countries. He also personally sheltered thousands of Hungarian Jews while they were waiting for their passports. It is estimated he saved over 5,000 Jews from the Holocaust.
Frank Foley was a British secret service agent estimated to have saved 10,000 Jews from the Holocaust. In his role as passport control officer he helped thousands of Jews escape from Nazi Germany. At the 1961 trial of former ranking Nazi Adolf Eichmann, he was described as a “Scarlet Pimpernel” for the way he risked his own life to save Jews. Sometimes he went into internment camps to get Jews out, hiding them in his home, and helping them get forged passports.
Holocaust Memorial in Budapest Hungary
Raoul Wallenberg in his office in the Swedish legation. Budapest, Hungary, November 26, 1944. — Thomas Veres He printed off documents that allowed Jews to escape. None of the documents were offical but it still worked! He vanished--most likely abducted and kept prisoner in the Soviet Union.
Jews moving into one of the 2,000 buildings in Budapest marked with a yellow star. In March 1944, German forces occupied Hungary. Jews were hurriedly concentrated in ghettos or, as in Budapest, in houses as a first step to their deportation. The Hungarian pro-Nazi regime had earlier introduced restrictions on its own Jewish population, but only deported or killed Jews in the territories occupied from Yugoslavia, Slovakia and Ukraine.