Shaft of a bronze thymiaterion (incense burner), Etruscan, 5th century B.C. During the fifth century B.C., the Etruscans were expanding their trade contacts throughout the Mediterranean world. The man in Persian costume is an unusual expression of the Etruscan interest in the exotic.
The cat first appears in painting and relief at the end of the Old Kingdom, and this cosmetic jar is the earliest-known three-dimensional representation of the animal in Egyptian art. | Cosmetic Vessel in the Shape of a Cat. Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, early, ca. 1990–1900 B.C. Egypt. Purchase, Lila Acheson Wallace Gift, 1990 (1990.59.1)
ARCHITECTURE: Aerial view of the ruins at Persepolis. Persepolis was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550–330 BC). Persepolis is situated 70 km northeast of the modern city of Shiraz in the Fars Province of modern Iran. The earliest remains of Persepolis date from around 515 BCE.