HISTORY Nothing Between, Stand By Me, We'll Understand it Better - Charles Tindley... His mother died when he was five, making him an orphan. His aunt raised him until he was old enough to be hired out... but his master never allowed him to go to church and threatened him with a whip. As a child, Mr. Tindley never received any formal schooling. After the War Between the States, he became free, and from sheer determination at the age of 17, he taught himself to read and write. See link.
"A Quartette of Dusky Beauties" London,1903. "Rhoda King, Jessie Ellis, Birdie Williams, and Gigas performed in "In Dahomey," the first all black musical comedy, which came to the Shaftesbury Theatre from New York with a cast of over 100. It was a huge success, and its Cakewalk, and Buck and Wing dances became crazes in the UK.