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Sharon Murphy
Sharon Murphy • 1 year ago

The Disaster of the White Ship In 1120 Matilda's elder brother William Adelin and heir to the English throne died returning from Normandy when his ship, called the White Ship, hit rocks and sank. As Henry I had no other children, Matilda was declared heir to the English throne. Henry made the Barons swear allegiance to Matilda and made them swear that they should crown her as Queen upon his death. One of these barons was Stephen of Blois, Henry's nephew.

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Stephen the Usurper! He was the nephew of Henry I, who had named his daughter, the Empress Matilda, as his heir after his only legitimate son died in the White Ship disaster. Because it was unheard of for a woman to rule England, members of the nobility who had pledged allegiance to Matilda while Henry was alive abruptly ditched her for Stephen after Henry I's death. A civil war that lasted years was the result. Stephen managed to hang onto the throne, fighting Matilda's faction to secure the throne for his son, Eustace. But Eustace died young, and Stephen saw the writing on the wall. He and Matilda called a truce -- Stephen would remain king until he died, but the throne would then pass to Matilda's son, Henry, who became Henry II.

Catherine Howard (1523-1542) was Queen of England the 5th wife of King Henry VIII. They married in 1540 almost immediately after the annulment of his marriage to Anne of Cleves. However Catherine Howard was beheaded after less than two years of marriage to Henry on the grounds of treason for committing adultery while married to the King.

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Owen Tudor, second husband of Katherine of Valois, widow of King Henry V. Owen and Katherine were parents of Edmund Tudor, father of King Henry VII. Owen was grandfather to Henry VII and great-grandfather of Henry VIII.

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Record of the birth of Prince Henry (later Henry VIII) in Margaret Beaufort’s Book of Hours. Margaret was Henry’s paternal grandmother. She frequently recorded dates of personal and political interest in her Book of Hours alongside a calendar of Church festivals. This page records dates in June, the month of Henry’s birth. However Margaret appears to have made a mistake whilst writing Henry’s birth date. She has crossed out the first incorrect date she wrote and above this has stated ‘1491’ t...

Sudeley Castle, Queen Elizabeth I window--The Castle was once home to Queen Katherine Parr, the last and surviving wife of King Henry VIII. Henry himself, Anne Boleyn, Lady Jane Grey, Queen Elizabeth 1 and Richard III have all played a part in Sudeley’s story.

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