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Stephen the Usurper! He was the nephew of Henry I, who had named his daughter, the Empress Matilda, as his heir after his only legitimate son died in the White Ship disaster. Because it was unheard of for a woman to rule England, members of the nobility who had pledged allegiance to Matilda while Henry was alive abruptly ditched her for Stephen after Henry I's death. A civil war that lasted years was the result. Stephen managed to hang onto the throne, fighting Matilda's faction to secure the throne for his son, Eustace. But Eustace died young, and Stephen saw the writing on the wall. He and Matilda called a truce -- Stephen would remain king until he died, but the throne would then pass to Matilda's son, Henry, who became Henry II.
Catherine Howard (1523-1542) was Queen of England the 5th wife of King Henry VIII. They married in 1540 almost immediately after the annulment of his marriage to Anne of Cleves. However Catherine Howard was beheaded after less than two years of marriage to Henry on the grounds of treason for committing adultery while married to the King.
Letter from Princess Mary to Jane Seymour, 1536 A letter from Princess Mary (Henry VIII’s daughter) to her stepmother Jane Seymour (third wife of Henry VIII). Dates to 1536, the year of Jane’s marriage to the king and when Mary and her father reconciled after she initially refused to recognise his first annulment, her illegitimate state and his position as head of the Church of England. Within the letter Mary thanks Jane for her aid and asks her to continue to speak well of ...