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Sharon Murphy
Sharon Murphy • 1 year ago

The Disaster of the White Ship In 1120 Matilda's elder brother William Adelin and heir to the English throne died returning from Normandy when his ship, called the White Ship, hit rocks and sank. As Henry I had no other children, Matilda was declared heir to the English throne. Henry made the Barons swear allegiance to Matilda and made them swear that they should crown her as Queen upon his death. One of these barons was Stephen of Blois, Henry's nephew.

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The White Ship was a vessel that sank in the English Channel near the Normandy coast off Barfleur, on 25 November 1120. Only two of those aboard survived. Those who drowned included William Adelin, the only surviving legitimate son and heir of King Henry I of England. William Adelin's death led to a succession crisis and a period of civil war in England known as the Anarchy.

Empress Matilda (1102 - 1167). After her brother died and her father failed to have a son with his second wife, he made the barons swear to honor Matilda as queen after his death. She was married first to Emperor Henry V and then to Geoffrey, Count of Anjou, who was the father of her son, Henry II. She briefly held power in 1141. She fought against her cousin, Stephen, for the throne, but lost. In 1153 Stephen was forced to accept her son as his heir, and she lived to see him crowned king.

Empress Matilda was the sole surviving heir of King Henry I. Matilda married Henry V Holy Roman Emperor but had no children & after eleven years of marriage Henry died. She then married Geoffrey V Count of Anjou. They had three sons, the eldest of whom eventually became King Henry II. Upon the death of her father in 1135 the throne was usurped by her cousin Stephen of Blois who claimed the throne whilst Matilda was in Normandy pregnant with her third child.

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