During World War II, Josephine Baker served with the French Red Cross and was an active member of the French resistance movement. The French Resistance was a group of individuals who helped to win the war against the German Nazis enemy with undercover work. Using her career as a cover Baker became an intelligence agent, carrying secret messages written in invisible ink on her sheet music. She was awarded honor of the Croix de Guerre, and received a Medal of the Resistance in 1946.
Japanese Nurse dressed in Black 1905. Red Cross Nurses were a symbol of modernity and of Japan’s commitment to humanitarian ideals, during the Russo-Japanese War (8 February 1904 – 5 September 1905). Postcards reflected this by updating the age old tradition of Bijin-e (pictures of beautiful women). This postcard is from the “Thousand Contemporary Figures” series. S).