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Ann Wardley
Ann Wardley • 1 year ago

"Portrait of William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham" by Jean André Rouquet at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London - More commonly known as William Pitt the Elder (to distinguish him from his son William Pitt the Younger), this was the British Secretary of State during the Seven Years War and many victories have been attributed to his policies. This is why, for instance, when the British took Fort Duquesne from the French, they renamed it Fort Pitt - now the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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William Pitt, later known as "Pitt the Elder", painted by William Hoare in 1754. This was the year he married Lady Hester Grenville.

Pitt's father, William Pitt the Elder, 1st Earl of Chatham (1708-78). Detail of portrait by Richard Brompton, 1772.

John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham, by George Romney, scanned from 'House of Pitt' by Sir Tresham Lever (1947). This is the portrait on which Jacqui Reiter's excellent drawing is based (pinterest.com/...). It hangs, or used to hang, at Chevening, formerly the home of William Pitt's biographer Earl Stanhope.

  • Independent Whig

    @Stephenie Michelle: No, none of Harriot, nor of Hester. Plenty of other sundry Pitts though. I'd love to see this portrait in colour, but a quick online search didn't find it anywhere. With your investigative skills, you might have better luck!

  • Jacqui Reiter

    Ha ha! I found the eyes quite obvious. John and william did not have the same eyes at all. Harriot I've seen nothing of except the portrait in the Headlam book-- not very flattering but I think it shows she took strongly after the Grenvilles. I don't think I have seen any authoritatively attributed pictures of Hester, the closest being the one in the latest Hester Stanhope book. Jc obviously just in the Copley painting.

  • Independent Whig

    @Jacqui Reiter: Looking again at the portraits of John, I'd say his resemblance to Chatham is most obvious in the Hoppner. But the nose is a Grenville nose in all of them! Regarding Hester and Harriot, there's a pic of each on this board - are they the ones you've seen? Btw, I came across what I presume must be your Pitt family tree site today. Lovely picture of Hester Grenville! Will you be adding any more to it?

  • Jacqui Reiter

    Oh goodness, that ancient website? I really would take it down except I can't hack into my own account. :-/ yes, all those pictures are the ones I had seen. I've pinned all my pitt family portraits to my board now.

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'Anna Pitt as Hebe' by Elisabeth Vigée Le Brun. Anna, more usually known as Anne, was the daughter of Thomas Pitt, 1st Lord Camelford, and was William's second cousin. She married another cousin of Pitt's, William Wyndham Grenville, in 1792. © The State Hermitage Museum: Digital Collection.

One of the two main characters, William Pitt the Younger (1759-1806). Here portrayed by George Romney in about 1783, when he was 23/4. Incredibly he was probably already a cabinet minister when this portrait was painted.

William Pitt engraved by John Jones, 1789, after the Romney portrait (which explains why he looks so handsome!) He's wearing his Chancellor's robes, and his right hand rests on a paper entitled "Regency Bill", meaning this print was produced on the back of the recently concluded Regency crisis (1788-89). This represents Pitt at the high point of his career. With the French revolution just around the corner, things were never again to be so rosy for him as at this precise moment.

1712 French Armour at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York - In the 18th century, ceremonial suits of armour for aristocrats were fading from use. This suit was one of the last ever made - and if further evidence is needed that this was just ceremonial and wasn't meant for battle, note that the recipient of this armour (the Spanish Infante Luis, Prince of Asturias) was only 5 years old at the time. He was one of King Louis XIV's great-grandsons and this piece was commissioned just for him.

"James Murray" by an unknown artist (1765-1770) at the National Portrait Gallery, London - Murray was the one of Wolfe's brigadier generals to stay behind as commander of the troops in Quebec after the city was successfully taken in 1759. After the conclusion of the Seven Years' War, he was appointed Governor of the newly British colony, but was recalled in 1766 (although he would nominally hold the post until 1768) due to conflicts with the new English-American merchants who settled there.

Jean Baptiste Charles Henri Hector, comte d'Estaing (24 November 1729 – 28 April 1794) was a French general, and admiral. Following France's entry into the American War of Independence in 1778, he led a fleet to aid the American rebels. He participated in a failed Franco-American siege of Newport, Rhode Island in 1778 and the equally unsuccessful 1779 Siege of Savannah. His difficulties working with American counterparts are cited among the reasons these operations failed.

"Portrait of a Military Family" by an unknown French artist (1789-1790) at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York - In the 18th and 19th century, it was not uncommon for aristocratic and gentry families to be involved in the military - at least in the officers' corps; it was seen as an appropriate vocation for a younger son, since the eldest son would inherit the estate and the title. In some families, everyone who did this was with the same regiment.