a watt beam engine. designed by james watt, it improved on the earlier newcome(?) steam engine and was widley adopted often used to pump water out of mines or into canals.( beginnings of industrial revolution 1750's) wiki page has lots of detail on this
The 19th January 1736 marks the birth of James Watt, mathematical instrument maker. Watt was born in Greenock, he developed the steam engine, invented the condensor and the copying machine. His condensor made steam power the driving force of the nineteenth century and he is regarded as one of the founding fathers of the Industrial Revolution.