Mamluks were purchased, their status was above ordinary slaves, who were not allowed to carry weapons or perform certain tasks. In places such as Egypt from the Ayyubid dynasty to the time of Muhammad Ali of Egypt, mamluks were considered to be “true lords", with social status above freeborn Muslims.
On August 27th, 1979, in Sanadaj, nine Kurdish rebels and two former police officers were tried and sentenced to death. Their execution by firing squad was documented in startling detail by the above photograph, published in Ettela’at, a Tehran newspaper.
folio 135. Two armed soldiers on horseback charging each other. Executed under the Mamelukes, in Syria or Egypt. Source: British Library, Add. 18866.
Typical Syrian village women’s dresses, favorite of the Bedouin women and nomadic tribes. Kurdish women who lived in Christian Armenian areas did wear these dresses. These dresses were also worn by Muslim women living in Muslim areas in Lebanon such as Saida, Sour, Tripoli, Beirut, Bekaa, Baalbeck, etc.
SYRIA, DERIK : A fighter of the Kurdish of the Committees for the Protection of the Kurdish People (YPG) holds a position in a trench on October 19, 2013 in the Kurdish town of Derik (aka al-Malikiyah in Arabic), in the northeastern Hasakeh governorate on the border with Turkey and Iraq. AFP PHOTO FABIO BUCCIARELLI