Iron shoes are pictured on the bank of the Danube on January 27, 2012, marking the Holocaust in Hungary. Hundreds of Hungarian Jews had to leave their shoes on the bank before they were shot into the river by Hungarian militiamen during WWII. The UN declared in 2005 the Holocaust Memorial Day on Janurary 27 to commemorate the 6 million Jews and other victims murdered by the Nazis.
Jozef and Wiktoria Ulma, a Polish husband and wife, living in Markowa during the Nazi German occupation in World War II, were the Righteous who attempted to rescue Polish Jewish families by hiding them in their own home during the Holocaust. They and their six children (Wiktoria was also 9 month pregnant at the time) were summarily executed for doing so, along with the Jews they were hiding. Jozef was skilled photographer, he left many photographs of his family, some of them survived the war.